Shin pain is pain that occurs along the shin bone (tibia) in the front part of the lower leg. The shin extends all the way from the knee to the ankle.

One common cause of shin pain is shin splints, a term to describe pain that results from overuse or participation in sports involving running or other impact on the foot, where the lower limb rotates medially during each step causing rotational inflammation.

This negative rotational force creates microscopic tissue tears and then little bubbles of ‘oedema’ form along the tibia. Thus Shin splints arise from the inflammation of these soft tissues/muscles of the lower leg.

Another common cause of shin pain is a stress fracture of the tibia. This occurs where there is a localized negative force hitting the same ‘hot spot’ on the bone of the shins…

Peripheral neuropathy (disorder that causes dysfunction of nerves that lie outside your brain and spinal cord) may cause a painful, burning or prickling sensation of the skin of the lower legs. Peripheral neuropathy can be accompanied by a loss of sensation and is usually caused by diabetes mellitus, alcohol abuse, or other conditions.

Pain in the lower legs can also occur due to conditions that compress the spinal cord or impinge the nerves that exit from the spinal cord, a condition known as sciatica. This condition can track down the legs from the lower back and end at the toes…During this condition the nerves along the shin can become inflamed.